Study objectives: Measuring respiratory-related changes in arterial pulse pressure is useful to guide fluid expansion in hemodynamically compromised patients. In the absence of automation, this can be uneasy in clinical practice. The objective of this study was to test an alternative approach (expiratory pause) that should be easier to apply.
Design: Prospective observational study comparing two measurement methods of a biological variable.
Patients: Seventeen patients receiving mechanical ventilation without spontaneous respiratory activity, with an arterial indwelling catheter, exhibiting respiratory-related fluctuations in arterial pressure.
Setting: Ten-bed respiratory ICU in a 2,000-bed university hospital.
Intervention: Analysis of clinically gathered data without specific experimental intervention.
Measurements: Determinations of the change in arterial pulse pressure observed during ventilatory cycling (ΔPp,dyn) [“dynamic”] and change in arterial pulse pressure observed during expiratory pauses (ΔPp,stat) [“static”] were performed to assess respiratory mechanics, and comparison of the two sets of data (correlation, Bland and Altman, Passing and Bablok regression).
Results: ΔPp,dyn and ΔPp,stat were strongly correlated (R = 0.964; 95% confidence interval, 0.917 to 0.987; p < 0.0001), with a good level of agreement (mean difference, 0.016; lower limit of agreement, − 0.087; upper limit, 0.120) and no systematic difference.
Conclusion: Measuring respiratory-related ΔPp,stat provides data that seem interchangeable with ΔPp,dyn, providing an easy means to routinely obtain this information.