0
Clinical Investigations: SARCOID |

Serum Soluble Interleukin-2 Receptor Measurement in Patients With Sarcoidosis*: A Clinical Evaluation

Jan C. Grutters; Jean-Marc Fellrath; Leontine Mulder; Rob Janssen; Jules M. M. van den Bosch; Heleen van Velzen-Blad
Author and Funding Information

*From the Heart Lung Center Utrecht, Department of Pulmonology (Drs. Grutters, Janssen, and van den Bosch), and Department of Medical Microbiology & Immunology (Dr. Mulder and Mrs. van Velzen-Blad), Sint Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, the Netherlands; and Department of Pulmonology (Dr. Fellrath), Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Correspondence to: Heleen van Velzen-Blad, MSc, Department of Medical Microbiology & Immunology, Sint Antonius Hospital, PO Box 2500, 3430 EM Nieuwegein, the Netherlands; e-mail: h.vvelzenb@antonius.net



Chest. 2003;124(1):186-195. doi:10.1378/chest.124.1.186
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objectives: To date, insufficient evidence is available to recommend serum soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) measurement as a routine test in the assessment of sarcoidosis. Therefore, we evaluated the clinical value of this test.

Design: Forty-seven patients with sarcoidosis, all presenting with active disease, were included in the study. Initial serum sIL-2R levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and clinical data at presentation and follow-up were collected retrospectively.

Results: The median follow-up period of all patients was 44 months (range, 6 to 100 months), and 38 patients had follow-up data present over at least 24 months. The median sIL-2R level was 1,068 U/mL (range, 248 to 4,410 U/mL; upper limit of normal, 710 U/mL). A positive correlation was found between serum sIL-2R levels and the number of CD4+ T lymphocytes in BAL (rs = 0.53, p < 0.001). In accordance with this result, both sIL-2R level and the number of CD4+ T lymphocytes were elevated in stage I compared to stage III disease (p < 0.05). Patients with extrapulmonary disease (ED) [excluding Löfgren’s syndrome] showed higher sIL-2R levels than those presenting with only pulmonary sarcoidosis (p = 0.001). No relation was found between sIL-2R level and response to treatment, and there was no association between sIL-2R levels and radiographic evolution and lung function outcome.

Conclusions: Our data suggest a role for serum sIL-2R as marker of pulmonary disease activity and ED in patients with sarcoidosis.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543