0
Clinical Investigations: VENTILATION |

Caregivers of Long-term Ventilator Patients*: Physical and Psychological Outcomes

Sara L. Douglas; Barbara J. Daly
Author and Funding Information

*From Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH.

Correspondence to: Sara L. Douglas, PhD, RN, School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106-4904; e-mail: SLD4@po.cwru.edu



Chest. 2003;123(4):1073-1081. doi:10.1378/chest.123.4.1073
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Study objectives: The physical and psychological effects of caregiving have been examined in several populations. To date, no one has examined the effects of caregiving on caregivers of patients receiving long-term mechanical ventilation (LTV) [patients who required > 4 days of continuous in-hospital mechanical ventilation] who reside in a home or institutional setting after hospital discharge. The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and examine depression, burden, overload, and physical health in this caregiver population over a 6-month period after hospital discharge.

Design: This was a prospective longitudinal descriptive study of posthospital outcomes for patients receiving LTV and their caregivers.

Setting and participants: Caregivers of 135 patients receiving LTV admitted to the ICUs of a university medical center, a Veterans Administration hospital, and small community hospital were enrolled.

Measurements and results: Interviews of caregivers were conducted at hospital discharge and 6 months later. Descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, and multiple regression analyses were used to analyze the data. Established tools were used to assess caregiver depression, burden, overload, and physical health. Caregivers reported a drop in physical health scores from hospital discharge to 6 months after discharge (p = 0.0001). Caregivers of patients residing in an institution reported higher depression (p = 0.039) and overload scores (p = 0.002) than did caregivers of patients residing at home 6 months after discharge; 51.2% of caregivers at discharge and 36.4% at 6 months after discharge reported symptoms consistent with some degree of depression. In addition, 12.2% of caregivers at hospital discharge and 15.6% at 6 months after discharge were classified as having symptoms consistent with severe depression. Caregiver physical health (p = 0.025) and overload (p = 0.006) made statistically significant contributions to explaining caregiver depression.

Conclusions: Caregivers of patients receiving LTV in our sample have similar characteristics to other caregiving populations. However, our sample had higher depression scores than those reported for many other caregiver groups.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543