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Clinical Investigations: CARDIOLOGY |

Limitations of Medical Therapy in Patients With Pure Coronary Spastic Angina*

Shozo Sueda, MD; Hiroaki Kohno, MD; Hiroshi Fukuda, MD; Kouki Watanabe, MD; Naoto Ochi, MD; Hiroyuki Kawada, MD; Tadao Uraoka, MD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Department of Cardiology (Drs. Sueda, Kohno, Fukuda, and Watanabe), Saiseikai Saijo Hospital, Saijo City, Japan; and the Department of Cardiology (Drs. Ochi, Kawada, and Uraoka), Kita Medical Association Hospital, Ozu, Japan.

Correspondence to: Shozo Sueda, MD, Department of Cardiology, Saiseikai Saijo Hospital, Tsuitachi 269–1, Saijo City, Ehime Prefecture, Japan



Chest. 2003;123(2):380-386. doi:10.1378/chest.123.2.380
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Objectives: To assess the efficacy of medication for the treatment of pure coronary spastic angina, 71 consecutive patients with this diagnosis who had undergone coronary arteriography in a hospital with a follow-up of at least 2 years were studied.

Methods and results: All 71 patients without significant organic stenosis were treated with long-acting calcium antagonists. The disappearance of chest pain attacks while receiving medical therapy was observed in 27 patients (38%), whereas the remaining 44 patients (62%) had chest pain attacks. Of special interest, 30 patients had more than one attack per month irrespective of the administration of calcium antagonists or isosorbide dinitrate. Medical treatment showed a good response in female patients (63% vs 31%, respectively; p < 0.05) and those with ST-segment elevation during selective spasm provocation tests (63% vs 30%, respectively; p < 0.05). In contrast, patients with a longer history of chest pain attacks before hospital admission and those with diffuse spasms (77% vs 34%, respectively; p < 0.01) had poor responses to medical treatment. In this study, neither sudden death nor acute myocardial infarction was observed during the follow-up periods.

Conclusion: The limitations of medical therapy, including the administration of long-acting calcium antagonists, were observed in 30 of 71 patients (42%) with pure coronary spastic angina. Medical treatment was effective in only 38% of patients with pure coronary spastic angina in Japan.


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