This succinct book, comprising 31 chapters, is skillfully structured and commences with a section on crucial pulmonary diagnostic techniques. The chapter on pulmonary function tests is remarkable for condensing so much information in so few pages. The segment on thoracic imaging displays the normal roentgenologic anatomy and carries representative plates on different disease patterns. However, a few more roentgenograms at appropriate places would have vastly embellished the text. Innovative chapters such as pulmonary disease in pregnancy; the respiratory risks involved in flying, diving, and climbing; and palliative care make the material relevant to current practice. A separate exposition on chronic cough recognizes the importance of one of the more common symptoms experienced by our patients. The descriptions of sleep apnea syndromes and lung infections deserve to be singled out for the comprehensive approach adopted. Readers will also find material covering current concepts in lung transplantation and thoracic surgery. For future editions, the editors might consider subdividing the material on diffuse parenchymal lung disease in order to improve the reader’s ability to comprehend the nuances of this topic. All of the other standard subjects, such as asthma, COPD, lung cancer, pleural diseases, and tuberculosis, are dealt with adequately. Finally, the editors should be complemented for enhancing the value of this book by including imaginative chapters on teaching and research, two essential components for the evolution of any field.