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Real-Time Chest Ultrasonography*: A Comprehensive Review for the Pulmonologist

Sonja Beckh, MD; Pál L. Bölcskei, MD; Klaus-Dieter Lessnau, MD, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

*From the Department of Pulmonary Sonography (Dr. Beckh), Division of Pulmonary Medicine (Dr. Bölcskei), Center of Internal Medicine, Nuremberg, Germany; and Department of Respiratory Care Services (Dr. Lessnau), Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY.

Correspondence to: Klaus-Dieter Lessnau, MD, FCCP, 300 E 93rd St, No. 18B, New York, NY 10128; e-mail: KLessnau@pol.net



Chest. 2002;122(5):1759-1773. doi:10.1378/chest.122.5.1759
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This review discusses real-time pulmonary ultrasonography (US) for the practicing pulmonologist. US supplements chest radiography and chest CT scanning. Major advantages include bedside availability, absence of radiation, and guided aspiration of fluid-filled areas and solid tumors. Pulmonary vessels and vascular supply of consolidations may be visualized without contrast. US may help to diagnose conditions such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, pleural or pericardial effusion, pneumonia, and pulmonary embolism in the critically ill patient who is in need of bedside diagnostic testing. The technique of US, which is cost-effective compared to CT scanning and MRI, may be learned relatively easily by the pulmonologist.

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