Study objectives: To determine if an educational intervention targeting emergency department (ED) and medicine staff could successfully decrease the time to antibiotic delivery (door-to-drug delivery time [DDD]) for patients admitted through the ED with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).
Design: Prospective, multidisciplinary team-based educational project. Demographics, outcomes, and processes of care including DDD and sputum procurement for patients with CAP were determined during a baseline period and compared to the same parameters for patients with CAP presenting after the educational intervention was administered to ED and medicine staff.
Setting: Barnes-Jewish Hospital, a large Midwest teaching institution affiliated with the Washington University School of Medicine.
Patients: Consecutive adult patients admitted through the ED with CAP.
Intervention: Multidisciplinary in-service education administered to ED physicians and nurses, and medicine housestaff, which emphasized the importance of rapid antibiotic delivery and procurement of preantibiotic expectorated sputum.
Results: Mean DDD improved from 413 to 291 min (p = 0.02), with more patients receiving antibiotics in the ED (46% vs 69%; adjusted odds ratio [OR], 2.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0 to 4.9). Sputum procurement improved from 11.5 to 25.4% (adjusted OR, 3.3; 95% CI, 1.1 to 9.9). There were no observed differences for inpatient mortality or length of stay.
Conclusion: This multidisciplinary team intervention significantly improved the time to initiation of antibiotics and procurement of sputum for patients with CAP.