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Tracheobronchial Stenting for Tuberculous Airway Stenosis*

Innes Y.P. Wan, MBChB; Tak Wai Lee, MBChB; Henry C.K. Lam, MBChB; Victor Abdullah, MBBS; Anthony P.C. Yim, MD, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

*From the Department of Surgery, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Correspondence to: Anthony P.C. Yim, MD, FCCP, Professor and Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong SAR, China; e-mail: yimap@cuhk.edu.hk



Chest. 2002;122(1):370-374. doi:10.1378/chest.122.1.370
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We reviewed the results of the use of the Dumon silicone stents in patients experiencing tuberculous tracheobronchial stenosis since 1994, using a retrospective case review in a university teaching hospital with 1,450 beds serving a population of > 1.8 million. Between February 1994 and September 2001, seven patients with tuberculous tracheobronchial stenosis (mean age, 43 years) underwent a total of 11 dilatations with placement of 10 straight stents and 1 Y stent. Under general anesthesia, all patients underwent rigid bronchoscopy and dilatation of the stenosis with placement of a Dumon stent. There were no deaths. One patient developed a pneumothorax. Two patients experienced migration of the stent, which required reintervention for adjustment of position of the stent. The stents were left in situ for a mean period of 32 months. There was marked improvement in dyspnea in all patients after the procedure, as determined by visual analog scale. Endoscopic dilatation with placement of a silicone stent is an effective treatment for patients with tuberculous tracheobronchial stenosis.

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