We reviewed the results of the use of the Dumon silicone stents in patients experiencing tuberculous tracheobronchial stenosis since 1994, using a retrospective case review in a university teaching hospital with 1,450 beds serving a population of > 1.8 million. Between February 1994 and September 2001, seven patients with tuberculous tracheobronchial stenosis (mean age, 43 years) underwent a total of 11 dilatations with placement of 10 straight stents and 1 Y stent. Under general anesthesia, all patients underwent rigid bronchoscopy and dilatation of the stenosis with placement of a Dumon stent. There were no deaths. One patient developed a pneumothorax. Two patients experienced migration of the stent, which required reintervention for adjustment of position of the stent. The stents were left in situ for a mean period of 32 months. There was marked improvement in dyspnea in all patients after the procedure, as determined by visual analog scale. Endoscopic dilatation with placement of a silicone stent is an effective treatment for patients with tuberculous tracheobronchial stenosis.