Objective: Clinical data have suggested the occurrence of temporary short-term deterioration of the heart following cardiomyoplasty. The purpose of this study was to monitor the short-term hemodynamic effects of cardiomyoplasty in a goat model of a dilated left ventricle, using conductance catheters (ie, pressure-volume loops) and cardiac output measurements.
Methods: Eight female goats underwent acute cardiomyoplasty 8 to 12 weeks after left ventricular (LV) dilatation was induced by a carotid jugular arteriovenous shunt. The cardiomyoplasty procedure was monitored using a Swan-Ganz catheter for cardiac output measurements and a 12-electrode (dual-field) conductance catheter to LV pressure-volume loops.
Results: After wrapping the heart with the latissimus dorsi muscle, there was a significant reduction in both cardiac output and LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) at 10 min. Partial recovery was observed 45 min later.
Conclusion: A decrease in both cardiac output and LVEDV was observed following myocardial wrapping. This may explain some of the perioperative and postoperative morbidity and mortality observed following cardiomyoplasty.