Study objectives: We have recently determined that the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) DD genotype might be associated with pulmonary hypertension during exercise in patients with COPD. Therefore, this study was designed to determine whether ACE gene polymorphisms adversely affect tissue oxygenation during exercise in patients with COPD.
Design: Cross-sectional analysis.
Setting: University hospital.
Patients: Thirty-nine patients (14 patients with II genotype, 12 patients with ID genotype, and 13 patients with DD genotype).
Interventions: All patients underwent right-heart catheterization and constant-load exercise testing for 5 min on an ergometer.
Measurements and results: The ratio of the change in oxygen delivery (Do2) to the increase in oxygen consumption (V̇o2) during exercise (ΔDo2/ΔV̇o2) was significantly lower in patients with the DD genotype (1.5 ± 0.2) than in those with the II genotype (1.9 ± 0.3, p = 0.0006) and the ID genotype (1.7 ± 0.2, p = 0.037). Mixed venous oxygen tension (Pv̄o2) after exercise in patients with the DD genotype (23.5 ± 1.5 mm Hg) was also significantly lower than in patients with the II genotype (26.7 ± 1.6 mm Hg, p = 0.0002) and the ID genotype (25.0 ± 2.0 mm Hg, p = 0.045). In addition, the change in plasma concentration of lactate during exercise (ΔLactate) was significantly higher in patients with DD genotype (33.3 ± 4.3 mmol/L) than in those with the II genotype (25.5 ± 3.6 mmol/L, p = 0.0002) and the ID genotype (28.8 ± 4.0 mmol/L, p = 0.029). The mean pulmonary arterial pressure after exercise was significantly correlated with ΔDo2/ΔV̇o2 (r = − 0.423, p = 0.0076) but not with Pvo2 after exercise and with ΔLactate.
Conclusions: The ACE DD genotype may be associated with an impairment in peripheral tissue oxygenation during exercise in patients with COPD.