Surgical treatment of recurrent achalasia includes esophagectomy with gastric pull-up. A MEDLINE search yielded no articles describing an adverse effect of this surgery on pulmonary function. We report the first case of acute ventilatory failure caused by gastric pull-up. An evaluation by flexible bronchoscopy, spirometry with flow-volume loops, and dynamic CT scanning revealed extrinsic compression of the trachea by the stomach causing obstruction. Endotracheal placement of a self- expanding stent resulted in the rapid extubation of the patient with normalization of the flow-volume loop and dramatic improvement in the FVC, FEV1, and peak expiratory flow.