0
Clinical Investigations: SURGERY |

Increase of Bradykinin in Plasma of Patients Undergoing Cardiopulmonary Bypass*: The Importance of Lung Exclusion

Massimo Cugno, MD; Jürg Nussberger, MD; Paolo Biglioli, MD; Francesco Alamanni, MD; Raffaella Coppola, PhD; Angelo Agostoni, MD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Department of Internal Medicine (Drs. Cugno and Agostoni), IRCCS Maggiore Hospital; Angelo Bianchi Bonomi Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center (Dr. Coppola), Division of Cardiac Surgery (Drs. Biglioli and Alamanni), IRCCS Foundation Monzino, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; and Hypertension Division (Dr. Nussberger), University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Correspondence to: Angelo Agostoni, MD, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Milan, Via Pace, 15, 20122 Milan, Italy; e-mail: intermed@mailserver.unimi.it



Chest. 2001;120(6):1776-1782. doi:10.1378/chest.120.6.1776
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Study objectives: Hemodynamic complications including hypotensive episodes are frequently associated with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and can be attributed to a generalized inflammatory response in which bradykinin may be a mediator. The purpose of this study was to determine the plasma levels of bradykinin-(1–9)nonapeptide in patients during CPB and the physiologic elimination of bradykinin by the lungs.

Design: Prospective, observational study.

Setting: University hospital, cardiac surgery unit.

Patients and methods: Intra-arterial BP was monitored and serial blood samples were obtained from 27 patients undergoing CPB for cardiac surgery. We measured plasma bradykinin and parameters of coagulation, fibrinolysis, complement, contact system, and the cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF).

Results: Mean arterial pressure fell progressively until the end of CPB (− 18 mm Hg, p = 0.001) but returned to baseline by the end of surgery. The venous bradykinin level, normal in basal conditions (median, 1.90 fmol/mL), was increased (p = 0.001) from 15 min after the beginning of CPB (5.71 fmol/mL) to the end of the operation (7.07 fmol/mL), with a peak at the end of CPB (9.81 fmol/mL; p = 0.0001); it was normal at recovery 24 h later (2.81 fmol/mL). Bradykinin plasma levels fell 60% across the lung when the pulmonary circulation was fully restored while the patients were still receiving CPB. Activated-factor XII, thrombin-antithrombin complexes, prothrombin fragment F1 + 2, plasmin-antiplasmin complexes, C3a, and TNF increased significantly after the beginning of the surgical procedure, rising further during CPB, and remained elevated until the end of surgery, but they all returned to normal within 24 h. Changes in plasma bradykinin levels were not correlated with any of the other variables.

Conclusions: During CPB, there is a progressive increase of plasma bradykinin that is at least partially due to reduced catabolism as a consequence of shunting the lungs. The increase in bradykinin may contribute to the fall in BP.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543