0
Clinical Investigations: COPD |

In-Hospital Short-term Training Program for Patients With Chronic Airway Obstruction*

Enrico Clini, MD, FCCP; Katia Foglio, MD; Luca Bianchi, MD; Roberto Porta, MD; Michele Vitacca, MD; Nicolino Ambrosino, MD, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

* From the Salvatore Maugeri Foundation IRCCS, Lung Function Unit, Scientific Institute of Gussago, Italy.

Correspondence to: Enrico Clini, MD, FCCP, Division of Pneumology, Fondazione Maugeri IRCCS, Via Pinidolo 23, 25064 Gussago (BS), Italy; e-mail: eclini@qubisoft.it



Chest. 2001;120(5):1500-1505. doi:10.1378/chest.120.5.1500
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective: To compare the functional benefits and relative costs of administering an intense short-term inpatient vs a longer outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program (PRP) for patients with chronic airway obstruction (CAO).

Design: Retrospective case-control study.

Setting: Pulmonary ward and outpatient clinic of a rehabilitation center.

Patients: Forty-three patients (case subjects) selected on the basis of selection criteria were compared with control subjects matched to them for age, sex, FEV1, and diagnosis of either COPD or asthma. Case subjects performed 10 to 12 daily sessions (5 sessions a week) of inpatient PRP; control subjects performed 20 to 24 sessions (3 sessions a week) of outpatient PRP.

Measurements: At baseline and after the PRP, an incremental exercise test was performed, including evaluation of dyspnea and leg fatigue by Borg scale (D and F, respectively) at each workload step. The cost of PRP was also evaluated.

Results: Both PRPs resulted in similar significant improvements in cycloergometry peak workload (from 68 ± 18 to 82 ± 22 and from 75 ± 17 to 87 ± 27 W in case subjects and control subjects, respectively), isoload D (from 6.4 ± 1.6 to 4.2 ± 1.8 for case subjects and from 8.5 ± 1.9 to 6.3 ± 2.4 for control subjects) and isoload F (from 6.6 ± 1.8 to 4.2 ± 1.8 for case subjects and from 8.9 ± 1.9 to 7.0 ± 1.8 for control subjects). Although the single daily session was less expensive, the outpatient PRP total costs were greater because of the higher number of sessions and the cost of daily transportation.

Conclusions: In patients with CAO, a shorter inpatient PRP may result in improvement in exercise tolerance similar to a longer outpatient PRP but with lower costs. Whether a shorter outpatient PRP may get physiologic and clinical benefits, while further reducing costs, must be evaluated by future controlled, randomized, prospective studies.


Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543