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Laboratory and Animal Investigations |

A New Method for the Remote Collection of Nasal and Exhaled Nitric Oxide*

Per G. Djupesland, MD; Wei Qian, MD, MSc; James S. J. Haight, MD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Department of Otorhinolaryngology (Dr. Djupesland), Ullevaal University Hospital, Oslo, Norway; and the Department of Otolaryngology (Dr. Haight and Mr. Qian), St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Correspondence to: James S. J. Haight, MD, CW2–202, 200 Elizabeth St, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2C4, Canada; e-mail: w.gian@utoronto.ca



Chest. 2001;120(5):1645-1650. doi:10.1378/chest.120.5.1645
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Study objectives: The present study introduces a method that has been developed to improve the remote collection and transportation of gas samples from the nose and lungs.

Design: Assessment of agreement between two methods of clinical measurements.

Setting: Noninvasive exhaled gas measurement at a respiratory research laboratory.

Participants: Ten nonsmoking adult volunteers (median age, 44 years; age range, 33 to 53 years; men, 6; women, 4) were recruited.

Measurements and results: Exhaled nitric oxide (ENO) and nasal nitric oxide (NNO) outputs were measured directly (on-line) and remotely (off-line). With the velum closed, lung air was exhaled at fixed flows (ie, 6, 8, and 10 L/min) (ENO) or room-air was aspirated through the nose in series at one fixed flow (ie, 5 to 8 L/min) (NNO). The off-line nitric oxide (NO) measurements were achieved by a gas collection tube system, which consisted of a flow control unit, a tube reservoir with one-way valves at both ends, and an interrupter valve allowing the trapping of gas inside the tube and eliminating the inclusion of “dead space.” After clamping, the reservoir may store and transport the gas samples for delayed analysis. The coefficient of variation of three consecutive NO measurements was < 3% for both on-line and off-line ENO and NNO. The correlations between on-line and off-line measurements in both ENO and NNO outputs were high (r = 0.99; R2 = 0.99), and, unlike previous studies using bag-collection, the ENO outputs for on-line and off-line measurements were in good agreement (Bland-Altman test) at all flows tested.

Conclusions: The tube gas collection system eliminates the dead space and contamination during the gas sampling and permits the cost-effective and reliable off-line collection of both nasal and exhaled gas samples.

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