Study objective: To make a descriptive analysis of the
frequency and the type of thorax and lung injuries among the casualties
of the two devastating earthquakes that occurred in Turkey in 1999.
Design: Records of the hospitalized patients injured
in the earthquakes were examined retrospectively.
Results: Among the total of 356 hospitalized patients, 21
(9.7%) in the Izmit earthquake and 6 (7.6%) in the Duzce earthquake
had thorax and lung injuries. Pneumothorax and rib fractures were the
two most frequent pathologies and accounted for 50% and 33.3% of the
Conclusion: Approximately 10%
of the casualties of a great earthquake may be expected to have thorax
and lung injuries, and traumatic chest diseases should be considered in
planning the medical response strategies.