0
Clinical Investigations: CARDIOLOGY |

Prognostic Power of Dobutamine Echocardiography After Uncomplicated Acute Myocardial Infarction in the Elderly*

María del Mar de la Torre, MD, PhD; José A. San Román, MD, PhD; José Bermejo, MD, PhD; Gemma Pastor, MD; Joaquín Alonso, MD, PhD; Francisco Fernández-Avilés, MD, PhD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Instituto de Ciencias del Corazón, Hospital Universitario, Valladolid, Spain.

Correspondence to: José A. San Román, MD, PhD, Instituto de Ciencias del Corazón, Hospital Universitario, Avda Ramón y Cajal, 47008 Valladolid, Spain



Chest. 2001;120(4):1200-1205. doi:10.1378/chest.120.4.1200
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Study objectives: To assess the prognostic value of dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography (DSE) after uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in elderly patients.

Design: We analyzed 59 consecutive patients (42 men) aged≥ 70 years (mean ± SD age, 75 ± 4 years) who underwent DSE within 10 days after uncomplicated AMI. DSE was carried out following the standard protocol. Five myocardial responses were considered: (1) negative, (2) sustained improvement of contractility, (3) biphasic response (initial improvement followed by worsening), (4) worsening of contractility in the infarcted area, and (5) worsening at a distance.

Results: Mean follow-up duration was 13 ± 8 months. Twenty-one patients had an event: cardiac death (n = 5), myocardial infarction (n = 1), heart failure (n = 1), unstable angina (n = 10), and revascularization (n = 4). Clinical and stress echocardiographic variables previously related to adverse prognosis were entered in Cox regression analysis, and the predictors of impaired outcome were inducible ischemia during DSE (hazard ratio [HR], 2.97; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.77 to 4.99; p < 0.001) and resting wall motion score index (WMSI) > 1.6 (HR, 1.68; 95% CI, 1.02 to 2.77; p = 0.04). After excluding revascularization procedures and considering only spontaneous events, the following predictors were found: ischemia during DSE (HR, 2.95; 95% CI, 2.78 to 3.12; p < 0.001) and resting WMSI > 1.6 (HR, 2.53; 95% CI, 1.30 to 4.93; p = 0.006).

Conclusions: Inducible ischemia during DSE within 10 days after uncomplicated AMI predicts an impaired outcome in the elderly.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543