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Editorials |

Critical Interactions : Man and Machine

Kenneth D. Chinsky, MD, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

Affiliations: Erie, PA 
 ,  Dr. Chinsky is in practice with Chest Diseases of Northwestern Pennsylvania.

Correspondence to: Kenneth Chinsky, MD, FCCP, 3580 Peach St, Suite 103A, Erie, PA 16508; e-mail: LChinsky@aol.com



Chest. 2001;119(4):996-997. doi:10.1378/chest.119.4.996
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Extract

Positive pressure ventilation has been used for hundreds of years since Vesalius demonstrated its benefit in dying animals in 1543. Mechanical ventilation (MV) may be employed to improve pulmonary gas exchange, to relieve respiratory muscle fatigue, to allow lung and airway healing, and to avoid complications. Nonetheless, complications associated with MV were described as far back as 1827 when Leroy observed that pneumothorax could result from overaggressive bellows inflation.1

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