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Clinical Investigations: CYSTIC FIBROSIS |

Psychological Functioning of Adults With Cystic Fibrosis*

Deborah L. Anderson, PhD; Patrick A. Flume, MD, FCCP; Kristina K. Hardy, PhD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Departments of Pediatrics (Dr. Anderson and Ms. Hardy) and Medicine (Dr. Flume), Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC.

Correspondence to: Patrick A. Flume, MD, FCCP, Medical University of South Carolina, 812-CSB, 96 Jonathan Lucas St, Charleston, SC 29425; e-mail: flumepa@musc.edu



Chest. 2001;119(4):1079-1084. doi:10.1378/chest.119.4.1079
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Study objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess the psychological profiles of adult patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and to investigate predictors of patients’ psychological status.

Patients and methods: Thirty-four adults with CF completed a battery of psychological testing including the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2, Beck Depression Inventory, and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. These were compared to health status data, including pulmonary function testing and nutritional status measures.

Results: As a group, adults with CF did not demonstrate significant levels of depression, anxiety, or other psychopathology. Results were not affected by age, sex, or severity of disease. Male gender predicted higher scores for depression and anxiety, and better lung functioning predicted less anxiety. Having a higher level of psychosocial support emerged as a strong predictor of better psychological functioning.

Conclusions: Overall, adults with CF report relatively healthy psychological functioning. Better lung function and a strong social support system predicted better psychological functioning, which may have implications for clinical intervention.

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    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
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