Study objectives: COPD affects millions of people in
the United States. The purpose of this study was to describe the
medical resource use and costs incurred by persons with COPD in the
United States in 1987.
Design: Data for this study
were derived from the 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey. A
societal perspective was adopted for this analysis.
or participants: All persons ≥ 40 years old with resource use
or expenditures for chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or nonspecific
chronic airway obstruction were included in this study.
Results: Mean per-person direct medical expenditures among
persons with COPD were $6,469 (1987 US dollars), about 25% of which
was COPD related. Approximately 68% of direct medical expenditures in
persons with COPD were for inpatient hospitalization.
Conclusions: COPD causes a large societal burden of illness
that is expected to increase. This study provides a valuable foundation
and historical measure against which to compare other