Study objective: To investigate the efficacy of
video-assisted thoracoscopic sterilization to treat patients with
exacerbation of chronic empyema thoracis.
reports and literature review.
department of surgery.
Patients: Two elderly,
debilitated patients with worsening, chronic empyema thoracis as
diagnosed by radiographs, CT, and thoracentesis. Both patients had a
history of therapeutic pneumothorax for tuberculosis without
thoracoscopic sterilization of the thoracic cavity.
Measurements and results: There was no recurrence of
empyema during a 6-year follow-up period for one patient and a 2.5-year
follow-up period for the other patient.
Video-assisted thoracoscopic sterilization is a minimally invasive
useful treatment for elderly or debilitated patients with exacerbation
of chronic empyema thoracis.