0
Selected Reports |

Catamenial Hemoptysis From Tracheobronchial Endometriosis*: Reappraisal of Diagnostic Value of Bronchoscopy and Bronchial Brush Cytology

Hao-Chien Wang, MD; Ping-Hung Kuo, MD; Sow-Hsong Kuo, MD, FCCP; Kwen-Tay Luh, MD, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

*From the Departments of Internal Medicine (Drs. Wang and P. Kuo) and Laboratory Medicine (Drs. S. Kuo and Luh), National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Correspondence to: Sow-Hsong Kuo, MD, FCCP Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital No. 7, Chung-Shan South Rd, Taipei 100, Taiwan



Chest. 2000;118(4):1205-1208. doi:10.1378/chest.118.4.1205
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objectives: To analyze the clinical data of four patients with a diagnosis of tracheobronchial endometriosis, and to reappraise the diagnostic value of bronchoscopy and bronchial brush cytology in these patients.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of four patients with documented tracheobronchial endometriosis treated at National Taiwan University Hospital from 1994 to 1998. The complete histories, diagnostic time interval, results of physical examinations, laboratory data, bronchoscopic findings, cytologic results, chest radiographs, and chest CT of these patients were analyzed.

Results: These patients tend to be younger and nonmultiparous as compared to other patients with thoracic endometriosis. Bronchoscopic examination performed within 1 day or 2 days of menses disclosed multiple purplish-red submucosal patches bilaterally that bled easily when touched. Cytologic evaluation of the brushing specimens demonstrated clusters of small cuboid cells consistent with an endometrial origin. Follow-up bronchoscopic examination in the middle of the menstrual cycle showed disappearance of the previous tracheobronchial lesions. The mean diagnostic interval was 3.25 months. All four patients were successfully treated with danazol therapy.

Conclusions: Tracheobronchial endometriosis consists of a special subgroup of patients with thoracic endometriosis. Proper timing of bronchoscopic examination plays an important diagnostic role in these patients. Cytologic features as well as cyclic changes in bronchoscopic findings are sufficient to warrant the diagnosis. The results of treatment with danazol in these patients seemed favorable.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543