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Organizational Interventions To Encourage Guideline Implementation*

Susan J. Curry, PhD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Center for Health Studies, Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA.

Correspondence to: Susan J. Curry, PhD, Director, Center for Health Studies, Group Health Cooperative, 1730 Minor Ave, Suite 1600, Seattle, WA 98101; e-mail: curry.s@ghc.org



Chest. 2000;118(2_suppl):40S-46S. doi:10.1378/chest.118.2_suppl.40S
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Evidence-based guidelines hold considerable promise for continued improvement of health-care delivery. However, the availability of clinical practice guidelines does not automatically lead to changes in practice patterns. Using a “push-pull-capacity” model, this article describes strategies to improve guideline implementation for three types of organizations: national organizations, insurer and health-care organizations, and health-care purchasers. Push strategies focus on the guideline development process and include rigorous review and meta-analysis of peer-reviewed research, and use of multidisciplinary expert teams, subjecting guidelines to peer review and comment and using measurable clinical outcomes to define guidelines. Pull strategies focus on creating a demand for guideline implementation and include professional organization endorsement, quality measures based on guideline-related outcomes, and guideline-based performance objectives in purchaser contracts and physician compensation agreements. Capacity strategies focus on systems that facilitate guideline implementation. Example strategies are providing benefit coverage and reimbursement for guideline-based treatment protocols, and implementing clinical information systems for population-based tracking, outcomes monitoring, and benchmarking feedback.

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