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An Unreported Risk in the Use of Home Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure and Home Nasal Ventilation in Children*: Mid-Face Hypoplasia

Kasey K. Li, DDS, MD; Robert W. Riley, DDS, MD; Christian Guilleminault, MD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Center of Excellence in Sleep Disorders Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA.

Correspondence to: Kasey K. Li, DDS, MD, 750 Welch Rd, Suite 317, Palo Alto, CA 94304



Chest. 2000;117(3):916-918. doi:10.1378/chest.117.3.916
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We report the case of a 15-year-old boy with obstructive sleep apnea and obesity who was treated since the age of 5 with nasal continuous positive airway pressure. Due to the long-term use of a nasal mask, the child developed a mid-face hypoplasia. Chronic use of a nasal mask for home ventilation in children should always be associated with regular evaluations of maxillomandibular growth.

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