0
Articles |

Characteristics of Asthma Care Provided by Hospitals in a Large Metropolitan Area*: Results From the Chicago Asthma Surveillance Initiative

Evalyn N. Grant, MD; Tao Li, PhD; Christopher S. Lyttle, MA; Kevin B. Weiss, MD; for the Chicago Asthma Surveillance Initiative Project Team
Author and Funding Information

Affiliations: *From the Department of Immunology/Microbiology (Dr. Grant), Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center; Center for Health Services Research (Drs. Li and Weiss, and Mr. Lyttle), Rush Primary Care Institute, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center, Chicago, IL. ,  See Appendix for other members of the CASI Project Team.

Correspondence to: Kevin B. Weiss, MD, Director, Center for Health Services Research, Rush Primary Care Institute, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center, 1653 W Congress Pkwy, Chicago, IL 60612


Affiliations: *From the Department of Immunology/Microbiology (Dr. Grant), Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center; Center for Health Services Research (Drs. Li and Weiss, and Mr. Lyttle), Rush Primary Care Institute, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center, Chicago, IL. ,  See Appendix for other members of the CASI Project Team.


Chest. 1999;116(suppl_2):162S-167S. doi:10.1378/chest.116.suppl_2.162S
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Introduction: Little is known of the approaches of United States hospitals to the management of persons with asthma. The purpose of this study is to characterize the extent to which hospitals within a large community have implemented various types of asthma-specific health-care delivery processes.

Methods: A cross-sectional, self-administered survey was mailed to a “key informant” in asthma care at each of the hospitals in the Chicago area. The survey instrument covered the following content areas: asthma-related inpatient services, asthma-related outpatient services, selected asthma-related quality improvement activities, and asthma-related community outreach. The survey was administered between August 1996 and January 1997.

Results: Data were collected from respondents at 59 of the 89 eligible hospitals, yielding a response rate of 66.3%. Of the responding hospitals, 42.4% indicated they had clinical practice guidelines for inpatient asthma management, and 37.3% reported using critical pathways. Four selected aspects of bedside care were also explored. All of the responding hospitals reported routine provision of nebulization therapy at the bedside, and nearly all routinely obtained peak flow measurements (96.6%). In the area of patient instruction, 93.2% provided bedside evaluation of proper inhaler technique, and 86.4% routinely provided instruction on the use of peak flowmeters. Only 54.0% of the hospitals reported routinely administering some type of asthma education program prior to discharge. The hospitals with clinical practice guidelines in place were also more likely to have critical pathways (p < 0.01); to have asthma-specific ICU policies/guidelines/critical pathways (p < 0.01); to provide bedside instruction on the use of peak flowmeters (p < 0.01); to provide an asthma education (p < 0.01) prior to discharge; and to conduct utilization review. Very few hospitals indicated that they had community outreach programs for asthma care.

Conclusion: The results of this survey suggest that among Chicago-area hospitals appropriate bedside care for persons with asthma is provided, but there are large variations in other types of asthma services and programs. The hospitals that have adopted asthma clinical practice guidelines are more likely to have other asthma-specific quality improvement activities than hospitals without guidelines. This relationship between use of guidelines and quality of services needs further exploration, as it may prove to be an important marker for hospitals with staff that are interested in improving asthma care.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
The Chicago Asthma Surveillance Initiative*: A Community-Based Approach to Understanding Asthma Care
A Survey of Asthma Care in Managed Care Organizations*: Results From the Chicago Asthma Surveillance Initiative
Trends in Emergency Department Asthma Care in Metropolitan Chicago*: Results From the Chicago Asthma Surveillance Initiative
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543