0
Clinical Investigations |

Maxillomandibular Advancement Surgery in a Site-Specific Treatment Approach for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in 50 Consecutive Patients*

Jeffrey R. Prinsell, DMD, MD
Author and Funding Information

*From Jeffrey R. Prinsell, DMD, MD, 1950 Spectrum Circle, Suite B-300, Marietta, GA.

Correspondence to: Jeffrey R. Prinsell, DMD, MD, 1950 Spectrum Circle, Suite B-300 Marietta, GA 30067;



Chest. 1999;116(6):1519-1529. doi:10.1378/chest.116.6.1519
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective: To report the efficacy of maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgery, with a description of several innovations, as a site-specific treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in selected cases with disproportionate velo-orohypopharyngeal anatomy.

Design: Clinical series of 50 consecutive cases. Setting: Surgery was performed in a hospital operating room, and perioperative management was provided in an intensive care environment. Except for polysomnography (PSG), which was performed and interpreted by independent sleep facilities/physicians, all pre- and postoperative evaluations were accomplished in a solo office private practice setting.

Patients: Patients were referred for MMA evaluation when applicable conservative therapies such as nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) were not tolerated, refused, or unsuccessful. Case selection was based primarily on the sites of disproportionate upper airway anatomy.

Interventions: MMA consisted of a Lefort I osteotomy, bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomies, and a new modified procedure called an anterior inferior mandibular osteotomy with indirect hyoid suspension. Some patients also received concomitant adjunctive nonpharyngeal procedures. Measurements and results: Obtained at a mean of 5.2 months postoperatively, revealed significant improvement in all cases. Mean BPs (n = 50) were lowered, subjective symptoms were ameliorated, and mean body mass index (n = 50) was reduced. Cephalometric analysis (n = 50), with several new modifications including standardization for phases of respiration, quantified structural changes in soft-tissue and bony landmarks. Postoperative PSG results (n = 50) showed dramatic improvement over preoperative data (n = 50), with therapeutic values similar to nCPAP (n = 42). Mean values improved from preoperative to postoperative vs nCPAP for apnea index (34.5 to 1.0 vs 2.0, respectively), apnea-hypopnea index (59.2 to 4.7 vs 5.4, respectively), lowest arterial oxyhemoglobin desaturations (72.7% to 88.6% vs 88.6%, respectively), and number of desaturations < 90% (118.8 to 6.6 vs 2.4, respectively). The success rate was 100%.

Conclusion: MMA is highly successful and safe and may be a definitive primary single-staged surgical treatment of selected OSAS cases with diffusely complex or multiple sites of disproportionate velo-orohypopharyngeal anatomy.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
Sphincter Pharyngoplasty as a Treatment of Velopharyngeal Incompetence in Young People*: A Prospective Evaluation of Effects on Sleep Structure and Sleep Respiratory Disturbances
PubMed Articles
Guidelines
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543