0
Clinical Investigations: CARDIOLOGY |

Detection and Evaluation of Asymptomatic Myocarditis in Schoolchildren*: Report of Four Cases

Masao Nakagawa, MD; Akemi Sato, MD; Hiroto Okagawa, MD; Masanori Kondo, MD; Masahiko Okuno, MD; Tetsuro Takamatsu, MD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Department of Pediatrics, Shiga University of Medical Science (Drs. Nakagawa, Sato, Okagawa, Kondo, and Okuno), Otsu, and the Second Department of Pathology (Dr. Takamatsu), Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Correspondence to: Masao Nakagawa, MD, Department of Pediatrics, Shiga University of Medical Science, Seta, Otsu, Shiga, 520-2192, Japan; e-mail: masao@belle.shiga-med.ac.jp



Chest. 1999;116(2):340-345. doi:10.1378/chest.116.2.340
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Study objective: Data on the prevalence of myocarditis in children are limited. Autopsy studies have shown that myocarditis is often undiagnosed. We attempted to investigate the clinical features of asymptomatic myocarditis in four schoolchildren detected during a mass ECG screening in schoolchildren.

Design and setting: To evaluate asymptomatic myocarditis, we clinically examined 12 schoolchildren who were referred to Shiga University of Medical Science Hospital, Otsu, Japan, because of abnormal ST or T waves detected during ECG screening. None of the 12 children had experienced any episodes suggesting cardiac disease or Kawasaki disease. Cardiac function and myocardial viability were assessed by two-dimensional echocardiography (2-DE), thallium-201 (201Tl) myocardial scintigraphy, and cardiac catheterization. Endomyocardial biopsy specimens were examined histologically.

Patients: Endomyocardial biopsy specimens revealed histologic evidence of myocarditis in 4 of the 12 children with abnormal ST or T waves.

Results: Abnormal tracer perfusion was observed on 201Tl myocardial scintigrams in these four children, but the results of coronary arteriography were normal. 2-DE showed left ventricular hypokinesis in one child and left ventricular enlargement in one of the four children with histologic evidence of myocarditis. A second endomyocardial biopsy specimen was obtained in two of four children, showing persistent myocarditis in one child.

Conclusions: This type of screening program and indepth evaluation using 2-DE and 201Tl myocardial scintigraphy appear to be helpful in identifying children with myocarditis. The present histologic investigations suggested that even asymptomatic myocarditis might result in persistent heart damage.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543