0
Articles |

Preoperative Issues in Clinical Nutrition*

Stephen A. McClave, MD; Harvy L. Snider, MD, FCCP; David A. Spain, MD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Departments of Medicine (Drs. McClave and Snider) and Surgery (Dr. Spain), University of Louisville School of Medicine and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Louisville, KY.

Correspondence to: Stephen A. McClave, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology/Hepatology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, 550 S Jackson St, Louisville, KY 40292



Chest. 1999;115(suppl_2):64S-70S. doi:10.1378/chest.115.suppl_2.64S
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Allowing a patient’s nutritional state to deteriorate through the perioperative period adversely affects measureable outcome related to nosocomial infection, multiple organ dysfunction, wound healing, and functional recovery. Careful preoperative nutritional assessment should include a determination of the level of stress, an evaluation of the status of the GI tract, and the development of specific plans for securing enteral access. Patients already demonstrating compromise of nutritional status (defined by > 10% weight loss and serum albumin level < 2.5 g/dL) should be considered for a minimum of 7 to 10 days of nutritional repletion prior to surgery. Widespread use of total parenteral nutrition in unselected patients is unwarranted, may actually worsen outcome, and should be reserved for preoperative nutritional support only in severely malnourished patients in whom the GI tract is unavailable. Compared with the parenteral route, use of perioperative enteral feeding has been shown to provide more consistent and beneficial results, and can be expected to promote specific advantages in long-term morbidity and mortality.


Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
Preparing the patient for surgery to improve outcomes. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2016;30(2):145-57.
Guidelines
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543