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Improvement of Pulmonary Hypertension After Liver Transplantation*

Roland Schott, MD; Ari Chaouat, MD; Anne Launoy, MD; Thierry Pottecher, MD; Emmanuel Weitzenblum, MD, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

*From the Departments of Respiratory Medicine (Drs. Schott, Chaouat, and Weitzenblum) and Anesthesiology and Surgical Intensive Care (Drs. Launoy and Pottecher), University Hospital, Strasbourg, France.



Chest. 1999;115(6):1748-1749. doi:10.1378/chest.115.6.1748
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Pulmonary hypertension at the end stage of chronic liver disease is not an uncommon situation. This association termed portopulmonary hypertension raises the question of the feasibility of performing orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). In the case reported herein, there was a favorable outcome after OLT, even though the mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) before transplantation was increased to 45 mm Hg. Before OLT, the cardiac index (CI) was considerably elevated (7.69 L/min/m2), giving evidence of a marked hyperdynamic circulatory state. The CI decreased significantly after OLT (3.38 L/min/m2), and this produced a significant decrease in the MPAP. Our observation suggests that portopulmonary hypertension due to a marked increase in the CI can be managed successfully by OLT.


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