0
Laboratory and Animal Investigations |

Role of Ischemic Preconditioning on Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury of the Lung*

Halim Soncul, MD; Eser Öz, MD; Sedat Kalaycioglu, MD
Author and Funding Information

Affiliations: ,  *From the Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (Drs. Soncul and Kalaycioglu) and the Department of Physiology (Dr. Öz), Gazi University Medical Faculty, Ankara, Turkey.

Affiliations: ,  *From the Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (Drs. Soncul and Kalaycioglu) and the Department of Physiology (Dr. Öz), Gazi University Medical Faculty, Ankara, Turkey.



Chest. 1999;115(6):1672-1677. doi:10.1378/chest.115.6.1672
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Study objectives: Ischemia-reperfusion injury of the lung frequently occurs after cardiopulmonary bypass, after pulmonary thromboembolectomy, and especially during lung transplantation. The protective effects of preconditioning on the heart, liver, bones, and various other organs have been previously evaluated. In this comparative study, we used isolated guinea pig lungs to show the effects of preconditioning on lung ischemia.

Methods: The lungs (n = 10 in each group) were mounted on a modified Langendorff perfusion apparatus and perfused by Krebs-Henseleit solution for 30 min. We applied an ischemic preconditioning (5 min ischemia + 5 min perfusion, two times) in the experimental group. After 3 h of normothermic ischemia, the lungs were reperfused for 30 min. Pulmonary artery pressures and malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) levels of the tissue and the perfusate were measured before and after the ischemic period and also at the end of reperfusion. Electron microscopic evaluation was done on randomly selected lungs of three animals in each group at the end of the experiment.

Results: Both MDA and GSH levels of tissue and perfusate decreased in the experimental group after reperfusion, although the reduction in GSH levels did not reach statistical significance. The increase in pulmonary artery pressure was lower in the preconditioning group after reperfusion.

Conclusions: Our data showed that ischemic preconditioning of the lung may have a protective effect in ischemic-reperfusion injury.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543