0
Laboratory and Animal Investigations |

Role of Peripheral Serotonin in the Regulation of Central Sleep Apneas in Rats*

David W. Carley, PhD; Miodrag Radulovacki, MD, PhD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Departments of Medicine (Dr. Carley) and Pharmacology (Drs. Carley and Radulovacki), University of Illinois College of Medicine at Chicago, Chicago, IL. Supported in part by National Institute on Aging grant AG14564.

Correspondence to: David W. Carley, PhD, Department of Medicine (M/C 787), University of Illinois, 840 S Wood St, Room 824, Chicago, IL 60612; e-mail: DWCarley@uic.edu



Chest. 1999;115(5):1397-1401. doi:10.1378/chest.115.5.1397
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Study objectives: The aim of our study was to determine the effects of serotonin (5-HT), which does not penetrate the blood-brain barrier (BBB), and GR38032F, a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist that may cross the BBB, on spontaneous apneas in adult Sprague-Dawley rats.

Measurements and results: Rats were implanted with electrodes for EEG and electromyographic recording to monitor sleep, with a radiotelemetry transmitter for monitoring aortic BP and heart period (HP) and were placed inside a single chamber plethysmograph for monitoring respiration. Sleep, BP, HP, and respiration were monitored for 6 h following administration of drugs. Intraperitoneal injection of 5-HT (0.79 mg/kg) to rats increased spontaneous central apneas during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep by> 250% in comparison to control recording (p = 0.01). GR38032F (0.1 mg/kg), which produced no effect on apnea expression, completely blocked the 5-HT-induced increase in REM apneas. Administration of 5-HT did not affect apnea expression in non-REM sleep and had no effect on sleep or BP.

Conclusions: From these observations, we conclude that binding at 5-HT3 receptors in the peripheral nervous system promotes REM-related apnea genesis in rats. These findings further suggest that endogenous 5-HT, acting at least at peripheral 5-HT3 receptors, may play a baseline physiologic role in the expression of spontaneous central apneas in rats.

Abbreviations: ANOVA = analysis of variance; BBB = blood-brain barrier; EMG = electromyogram; HP = heart period; 5-HT = serotonin; NREM = nonrapid eye movement sleep; PS = postsigh; REM = rapid eye movement sleep; RR = respiratory rate; V̇e = minute ventilation

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543