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Clinical Investigations: DEVICES AND PROCEDURES |

Pulmonary Function Improves After Expandable Metal Stent Placement for Benign Airway Obstruction*

Mark D. Eisner, MD; Roy L. Gordon, MD; W. Richard Webb, MD; Warren M. Gold, MD; Sameer E. Hilal, BA; Keith Edinburgh, MD; Jeffrey A. Golden, MD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine (Drs. Eisner, Gold, and Golden), the Cardiovascular Research Institute (Drs. Eisner, Gold, and Mr. Hilal), the Section of Interventional Radiology (Dr. Gordon), and the Department of Radiology (Drs. Webb and Edinburgh), University of California, San Francisco, CA. Supported by National Research Service Award T32 HL07185 (Dr. Eisner).



Chest. 1999;115(4):1006-1011. doi:10.1378/chest.115.4.1006
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Published online

Study objective: To determine whether expandable metal stent placement for benign airway lesions improves pulmonary function.

Design: Case series.

Setting: University medical center.

Patients: Nine patients who underwent balloon-mediated expandable metal stent deployment for airway obstruction due to benign etiologies.

Results: All nine patients had expandable stents deployed for benign airway lesions using fiberoptic bronchoscopy and fluoroscopic guidance. Pulmonary function improved after stent placement. The mean FVC increased by 388 mL (95% confidence interval[ CI], 30 to 740 mL), the mean peak expiratory flow (PEF) increased by 1,288 mL (95% CI, 730 to 1,840 mL), the mean FEV1 increased by 550 mL (95% CI, 240 to 860 mL), and the mean forced expiratory flow between 25% and 50% of vital capacity (FEF25–75%) increased by 600 mL (95% CI, 110 to 1,090 mL). Corresponding relative measurements included increases in FVC (12%), PEF (95%), FEV1 (38%), and FEF25–75% (87%). The complete characterization of a benign airway obstruction generally required a multimodal approach.

Conclusions: Expandable metal stent placement appears to be an effective therapy for benign airway obstruction.

Abbreviations: CI = confidence interval; PEF = peak expiratory flow; FEF25–75% = forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of vital capacity

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