0
Articles |

Noninvasive Diagnosis of Coronary Artery Stenosis in Women with Limited Exercise Capacity : Comparison of Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography and 99mTc Sestamibi Single-Photon Emission CT

Abdou Elhendy; Ron T van Domburg; Jeroen J Bax; Peter R Nierop; Marcel L Geleijnse; M. Mohsen Ibrahim; Jos RTC Roelandt
Author and Funding Information

From the Thoraxcenter, University Hospital Rotterdam-Dijkzigt, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, the Netherlands

Abdou Elhendy MD, Thoraxcenter, Ba 302, Dr Molewaterplein 40, 3015 GD Rotterdam, The Netherlands


1998 by the American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 1998;114(4):1097-1104. doi:10.1378/chest.114.4.1097
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the accuracy of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and simultaneous 99mTc sestamibi (MIBI) single-photon emission CT (SPECT) imaging for the diagnosis of coronary artery stenosis in women.

Patients: Seventy women with limited exercise capacity referred for evaluation of myocardial ischemia.

Methods: DSE (up to 40 µg/kg/min) was performed in conjunction with stress MIBI SPECT. Resting MIBI images were acquired 24 h after the stress test. Ischemia was defined as new or worsened wall motion abnormalities confirmed by DSE and as reversible perfusion defects confirmed by MIBI. Significant coronary artery disease was defined as ≥ 50% luminal diameter stenosis.

Results: DSE was positive for ischemia in 35 of 45 patients with coronary artery stenosis and in 2 of 25 patients without coronary artery stenosis (sensitivity = 78% CI, 68 to 88; specificity = 92% CI, 85 to 99; and accuracy = 83% CI, 74 to 92). A positive MIBI study for ischemia occurred in 29 patients with coronary artery stenosis and in 7 patients without coronary artery stenosis (sensitivity = 64% CI, 53 to 76; specificity = 72% CI, 61 to 83; and accuracy = 67% CI, 56 to 78 [p < 0.05 vs DSE]). In the 59 vascular regions with coronary artery stenosis, the regional sensitivity of DSE was higher than MIBI (69% CI, 62 to 77 vs 51% CI, 42 to 59, p < 0.05), whereas specificity in the 81 vascular regions without significant stenosis was similar (89% CI, 84 to 94 vs 88% CI, 82 to 93, respectively).

Conclusion: DSE is a useful noninvasive method for the diagnosis of coronary artery stenosis in women and provides a higher overall and regional diagnostic accuracy than dobutamine MIBI SPECT in this particular population.


Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
Guidelines
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543