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Nitric Oxide and Endothelin-1 in Pulmonary Hypertension

Adel Giaid
Author and Funding Information

From the Departments of Pathology and Medicine, The Montreal General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Adel Giaid, Montreal General Hospital, 1650 Cedar, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada


1998 by the American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 1998;114(3_Supplement):208S-212S. doi:10.1378/chest.114.3_Supplement.208S
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Abstract

Background: We have shown previously increased expression of the potent vasoconstrictor peptide endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the pulmonary arteries of patients with pulmonary hypertension. We also demonstrated diminished expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, the enzyme responsible for generating nitric oxide (NO), in patients with the same disease.

Study objective: To determine the expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS-I) and endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1) in lungs of patients with pulmonary hypertension.

Methods: Immunohistochemistry with avidin-biotin-peroxidase method.

Results: There was little immunostaining for NOS-I in the pulmonary arteries of normal control or diseased lungs. Moderate diffuse staining was seen in the airway epithelium and nerve bundles. Immunoreactivity for ECE-1 was seen in the airway epithelium, smooth muscle cells, and scattered macrophages of both normal and diseased lungs. Strong immunoreactivity for ECE-1 was seen in the endothelium of diseased pulmonary arteries of patients with pulmonary hypertension.

Conclusion: We conclude that expression of NOS-I appears to be similar in normal and diseased lungs, while abundant expression of ECE-1 is present in diseased vessels, which may contribute to the pathogenesis of arteriopathy in pulmonary hypertension.


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