0
Articles |

Survival in Patients With Cryptogenic Fibrosing Alveolitis : A Population-Based Cohort Study

Richard Hubbard; Ian Johnston; John Britton
Author and Funding Information

Affiliations: From the University of Nottingham, Division of Respiratory Medicine, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK.,  From the City Hospital, and the Queens Respiratory Unit, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK.

Affiliations: From the University of Nottingham, Division of Respiratory Medicine, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK.,  From the City Hospital, and the Queens Respiratory Unit, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK.


1998 by the American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 1998;113(2):396-400. doi:10.1378/chest.113.2.396
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Abstract

Study objectives: To determine the median survival of patients with cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis, in comparison to that expected of individuals of the same age and sex from the general population. To estimate the effect of survival bias incurred by studying both incident and prevalent cases. To identify factors associated with survival.

Design: Cohort study.

Setting: Nine hospitals from the Trent Region of England.

Patients: Two hundred forty-four cases of cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis: 168 patients were alive on day 1 of the study (prevalent cases), and 76 patients had newly diagnosed conditions over a prospective 18-month period of patient recruitment (incident cases).

Measurements: Age, sex, date of diagnosis, lung function at presentation, and details of treatment prescribed were extracted from hospital clinical records. Data on lifetime smoking habits were collected by postal questionnaire. Vital status was established from the general practitioner. The expected survival of each case was extracted from the English life tables.

Results: Median survival for incident cases was 2.9 years and for prevalent cases 9 years, compared to expected values of 10 and 13 years, respectively. Incident cases had significantly worse survival than prevalent cases, even after adjustment for the effects of age, sex, smoking history, lung function at presentation, and treatment (hazard ratio, 4.53 [95% confidence interval, 2.71 to 7.56]; p<0.001). Lower FVC at presentation and the use of corticosteroid treatment were both associated with worse survival.

Conclusions: The inclusion of prevalent cases leads to significant overestimation of the median survival for patients with cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis. In newly diagnosed cases of cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis, median survival is only 2.9 years, and expected life span is reduced by approximately 7 years.


Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543