0
Articles |

Relationship Between Airway Obstruction and Respiratory Symptoms in Adult Asthmatics

John G. Teeter; Eugene R. Bleecker
Author and Funding Information

From the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore


1998 by the American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 1998;113(2):272-277. doi:10.1378/chest.113.2.272
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Abstract

Study objectives: To characterize the relationship between symptoms and the degree of airway obstruction as determined by the FEV1 and peak expiratory flow (PEF) in a cohort of adult patients attending a university-based urban asthma clinic.

Design: Each of six current asthma symptoms, including cough, dyspnea, wheeze, chest tightness, sputum production, and nocturnal awakening was rated by patients on a 0 (none) to 4 (constant) scale at initial and first follow-up clinic evaluations. Spirometry and PEF were measured at the initial clinic visit and PEF was measured at all follow-up visits.

Patients: Sixty-seven adult patients with chronic asthma.

Measurements and results: Asthma symptoms did not correlate with the degree of airway obstruction as determined by the FEV1 (percent predicted FEV1 vs total symptoms: r=0.143; p=0.263; n=70) and only correlated poorly with PEF (percent predicted PEF vs total symptoms: r=0.384; p=0.0029; n=58). Subjective wheezing was the best individual predictor of the level of airway obstruction in this group of patients. When reassessed an average of 7.9 weeks later, patients reported significant improvement in several symptoms, including those of wheeze, chest tightness, dyspnea, and nocturnal awakening. However, this symptomatic improvement was not associated with improvement in the level of airway obstruction.

Conclusions: Asthma symptoms correlate poorly with the level of airway obstruction as determined by the FEV1 and PEF. Following treatment, subjective improvement in asthma symptoms may occur without improvement in the level of airway obstruction. These results support the recommendation to measure airway obstruction objectively when assessing adult patients with chronic asthma.


Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543