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Hyperoxia Exacerbates Microvascular Lung Injury Following Acid Aspiration

Nader Nader-Djalal; Paul R. Knight; Bruce A. Davidson; Kent Johnson
Author and Funding Information

Affiliations: From the Department of Anesthesiology, State University of New York, SUNY School of Medicine, Buffalo,  From the Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.

Affiliations: From the Department of Anesthesiology, State University of New York, SUNY School of Medicine, Buffalo,  From the Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.


1997 by the American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 1997;112(6):1607-1614. doi:10.1378/chest.112.6.1607
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Abstract

Objectives: To examine the effects of an increase in ambient oxygen (O2) concentrations on the extent of inflammatory pulmonary damage following acid aspiration.

Design: Prospective, controlled laboratory study.

Settings: University-affiliated animal research facility.

Subjects: Male, Long Evans rats weighing 250 to 300 g.

Intervention: Rats were injured by instillation of 1.2 mL/kg normal saline solution/HCl, pH=1.25 (acid), into the lungs via a tracheotomy. Animals were allowed to awaken and were exposed to 21%, 50%, or 98% O2 for 0 to 5 h (n/group≥10). In a separate set of experiments, injured rats exposed to 98% O2 were treated with different doses of deferoxamine, just prior to injury. Uninjured rats and rats injured with normal saline solution, pH=5.3, were used as the control group.

Measurements: Injury was determined by assessing lung function (lung compliance and arterial blood gases) and alveolar-capillary wall integrity (wet/dry weight, lung albumin permeability index [PI], and intrapulmonary hemorrhage [HI]).

Results: Intrapulmonary instillation of acid increased PI, HI, and decreased static lung compliance compared to uninjured control animals. Increased ambient oxygen following acid aspiration decreased lung compliance, 1.06±0.03 mL/kg/cm H2O, in oxygen-exposed lungs when compared to the lungs exposed to air, 1.26±0.04, following a low pH aspirate (p<0.05). An increase in protein leakage into the lung tissue was noted in oxygen-exposed animals, PI=1.33±0.10, vs air-exposed rats, 0.89±0.07 (p<0.05). The hyperoxia-induced increase in lung injury was prevented by 30 mg/kg or higher deferoxamine treatment, 0.78±0.05 (p<0.05). Exposure of animals to 98% O2 for 2 h was sufficient to produce the same increase in microvascular protein leakage as 5-h exposure to O2 following low pH aspirate.

Conclusion: Hyperoxia increases acid aspiration-induced inflammatory microvascular lung injury. This appears to be mediated by production of reactive species of O2.


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