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Mycoplasma hominis Pneumonia Complicating Bilateral Lung Transplantation : Case Report and Review of the Literature

G. Marshall Lyon; J. Andrew Alspaugh; Fran T. Meredith; Lizzie J. Harrell; Victor Tapson; R. Duane Davis; Souha S. Kanj
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Affiliations: From the Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Infectious Diseases, Duke University Medical Center, and the Durham Veterans Administration Medical Center, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Infectious Diseases, and the Department of Pathology, Durham, NC.,  From the Department of Surgery, and the Department of Microbiology and Pathology, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Durham, NC.,  From the Department of Medicine, Division of General and Thoracic Surgery, Durham, NC.

Affiliations: From the Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Infectious Diseases, Duke University Medical Center, and the Durham Veterans Administration Medical Center, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Infectious Diseases, and the Department of Pathology, Durham, NC.,  From the Department of Surgery, and the Department of Microbiology and Pathology, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Durham, NC.,  From the Department of Medicine, Division of General and Thoracic Surgery, Durham, NC.

Affiliations: From the Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Infectious Diseases, Duke University Medical Center, and the Durham Veterans Administration Medical Center, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Infectious Diseases, and the Department of Pathology, Durham, NC.,  From the Department of Surgery, and the Department of Microbiology and Pathology, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Durham, NC.,  From the Department of Medicine, Division of General and Thoracic Surgery, Durham, NC.

Affiliations: From the Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Infectious Diseases, Duke University Medical Center, and the Durham Veterans Administration Medical Center, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Infectious Diseases, and the Department of Pathology, Durham, NC.,  From the Department of Surgery, and the Department of Microbiology and Pathology, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Durham, NC.,  From the Department of Medicine, Division of General and Thoracic Surgery, Durham, NC.

Affiliations: From the Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Infectious Diseases, Duke University Medical Center, and the Durham Veterans Administration Medical Center, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Infectious Diseases, and the Department of Pathology, Durham, NC.,  From the Department of Surgery, and the Department of Microbiology and Pathology, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Durham, NC.,  From the Department of Medicine, Division of General and Thoracic Surgery, Durham, NC.

Affiliations: From the Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Infectious Diseases, Duke University Medical Center, and the Durham Veterans Administration Medical Center, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Infectious Diseases, and the Department of Pathology, Durham, NC.,  From the Department of Surgery, and the Department of Microbiology and Pathology, Durham, NC.,  From the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Durham, NC.,  From the Department of Medicine, Division of General and Thoracic Surgery, Durham, NC.


1997 by the American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 1997;112(5):1428-1432. doi:10.1378/chest.112.5.1428
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Abstract

Mycoplasma hominis is a commensal of humans. The organism has been predominantly associated with infections of the genitourinary tract. Extragenital infections have been described in neonates, in women during the postpartum period, and in immunocompromised patients. Pneumonia caused by M hominis is very rare. This report describes the development of M hominis pneumonia in a lung transplantation recipient and underscores the difficulty in establishing the correct diagnosis and the need for early and aggressive treatment with appropriate antimicrobial agents to insure a good outcome.


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