Pneumothorax is a rare manifestation of sarcoidosis, occurring usually late in the course of the disease. We report five cases of pneumothorax as a presenting manifestation of sarcoidosis. In two patients, thoracotomy showed extensive pleural infiltration by noncaseating granulomas. High-resolution CT scans showed cavitated subpleural nodules and subpleural bullae in one case. These findings support that necrosis of subpleural granulomas or rupture of a subpleural bullae, or both, are the mechanisms of pneumothorax in sarcoidosis. Three patients with a lung function impairment were treated with oral corticosteroids. One nontreated patient died due to progression of the disease.