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Antitumor Activity of a Monoclonal Antibody Directed Against Gastrin-Releasing Peptide in Patients With Small Cell Lung Cancer

Michael J. Kelley; R. Ilona Linnoila; Ingalill L. Avis; Mark S. Georgiadis; Frank Cuttitta; James L. Mulshine; Bruce E. Johnson
Author and Funding Information

Affiliations: From the Navy Medical Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Md.,  From the Biomarkers and Prevention Research Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Md.,  From the National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Md.

Affiliations: From the Navy Medical Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Md.,  From the Biomarkers and Prevention Research Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Md.,  From the National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Md.

Affiliations: From the Navy Medical Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Md.,  From the Biomarkers and Prevention Research Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Md.,  From the National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Md.


1997 by the American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 1997;112(1):256-261. doi:10.1378/chest.112.1.256
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Abstract

Background: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells express and secrete gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) which binds to receptors and stimulates growth of these cells. A murine monoclonal antibody, 2A11, which binds GRP with high affinity, decreased growth of SCLC cells in vitro and in athymic nude mice. A phase 1 trial and pharmacokinetic modeling in patients with lung cancer has defined the phase 2 dose of 2A11 but the antitumor activity in patients is unknown.

Methods: Thirteen patients with previously treated SCLC received 2A11 at 250 mg/m2 over 1 h three times per week for 4 weeks. Serum GRP, urine GRP, serum levels of 2A11, and human antimouse antibodies (HAMA) were determined.

Results: One of 12 (8%; 95% confidence interval, 0 to 38%) evaluable patients had complete resolution of radiographically detectable tumor lasting 4 months. Four patients (33%) had stable disease. No toxic reactions were observed. The pretreatment serum GRP level of the responding patient was 3.1 fmol/mL and the median of nine nonresponding patients was 7.3 fmol/mL (range, <1.0 to 29.0). The mean trough serum 2A11 level was 49±18 µg/mL in the responding patient and 32 to 487 mg/mL (median, 117) in 10 nonresponding patients. HAMA did not increase during 2A11 administration in any patient.

Conclusions: Interruption of the GRP autocrine growth factor loop with 2A11 results in clinical antitumor activity in a minority of patients with previously treated SCLC. Further evaluation of the antitumor effects of 2A11 is warranted to define characteristics associated with response to 2A11.


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