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Group Education Sessions and Compliance With Nasal CPAP Therapy

Laura L. Likar; Toni M. Panciera; Allan D. Erickson; Sharon Rounds
Author and Funding Information

From the Department of Medicine, Brown University School of Medicine, and the Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Providence Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Providence, Rl.


1997 by the American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 1997;111(5):1273-1277. doi:10.1378/chest.111.5.1273
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Published online

Abstract

Study objectives: To determine an effective means of improving compliance with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

Design: Retrospective chart review.

Setting: An outpatient clinic at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center.

Patients: Seventy-three patients with OSA.

Interventions: Hour meters on CPAP machines provided documentation of nightly machine use. A 2-h group CPAP clinic, scheduled every 6 months, provided education, support, symptom treatment, and equipment monitoring for all CPAP patients.

Results: Twenty-five patients had hour meter readings taken at their first CPAP clinic. In these patients, nightly CPAP use increased from 5.2±0.6 to 6.3±0.6 h per night after attendance at one CPAP clinic (p<0.05). CPAP use increased from 5.2±0.5 before CPAP clinic to 6.3±0.6 h per night after attendance at all subsequent CPAP clinics for 34 patients (p<0.05), an improvement that was sustained over 605±34 days. Twenty-nine percent of patients increased nightly CPAP use by at least 2 h, while only 6% decreased by ≥2 h (p<0.025). Patients receiving supplemental oxygen had higher CPAP use prior to CPAP clinic compared to patients not receiving oxygen (p<0.05).

Conclusions: Attendance in a group clinic designed to encourage patient compliance with CPAP therapy provided a simple and effective means of improving treatment of OSA.


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