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Prognostic Significance of Precordial ST-Segment Changes in Acute Inferior Wall Myocardial Infarction

Tetsuro Sugiura; Yo Nagahama; Kazuya Takehana; Nobuyuki Takahashi; Toshiji Iwasaka
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From The Second Department of Internal Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan


1997 by the American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 1997;111(4):1039-1044. doi:10.1378/chest.111.4.1039
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Abstract

Study objective: To examine the clinical significance of precordial ST-segment changes in patients with acute Q-wave inferior wall myocardial infarction.

Design: Prospective evaluation (clinical follow-up) of Q-wave inferior wall myocardial infarction over a 6-year period in patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria.

Setting: Coronary care unit at a university hospital.

Patients: Two hundred consecutive patients with acute Q-wave inferior wall myocardial infarction admitted to the coronary care unit within 24 h from the onset of chest pain.

Measurements and results: Precordial ST-segment depression resolved <24 h (transient) after admission in 84 patients, lasted ≥24 h (persistent) in 48 patients, and was absent in 68 patients, while ST-segment elevation in V4R was detected in 60 patients. Seventy-one patients had major in-hospital complications and 18 patients died in the hospital. When nine variables were used in the multivariate analysis, right ventricular dilatation and persistent precordial ST-segment depression were the important factors related to major in-hospital complications, whereas age, alveolar arterial oxygen difference, and persistent precordial ST-segment depression were important for in-hospital deaths.

Conclusion: Left ventricular posterior wall involvement, diagnosed by persistent precordial ST-depression, was an independent and stronger predictor of major in-hospital complications and deaths than right ventricular involvement in patients with acute Q-wave inferior wall myocardial infarction.


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