0
Articles |

Thoracoscopic Wedge Resection of Blebs Under Local Anesthesia With Sedation for Treatment of a Spontaneous Pneumothorax

Kunimoto Nezu; Keiji Kushibe; Takashi Tojo; Makoto Takahama; Soichiro Kitamura
Author and Funding Information

From the Department of Surgery III, Nara Medical College, Nara, Japan


1997 by the American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 1997;111(1):230-235. doi:10.1378/chest.111.1.230
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Abstract

We performed thoracoscopic wedge resections of blebs with a stapling device under local anesthesia with sedation in 34 consecutive patients who presented with spontaneous pneumothoraces. The indications for surgery included the absence of parietal pleural adhesions and knowledge of the precise bleb location prior to the procedure. Prior to surgery, 0.5% lidocaine was administered into the pleural space, and IV butorphanol tartrate and diazepam were administered to reduce pain and anxiety during the procedure. In our series, the thoracoscopic procedure resulted in favorable outcomes in all but two patients. There was no evidence of hemodynamic instability or arterial blood gas abnormalities encountered during the procedure. Minor postoperative complications were seen in only three patients (two with air leakage and one with transient atelectasis). One patient had a recurrence of his spontaneous pneumothorax 3 months following the procedure. Therefore, the overall success rate was 91%. We compared the results of this therapeutic modality (group 1) with those of 38 patients who underwent the procedure under general anesthesia (group 2) during the same period. The length of hospital stay was shorter in group 1 than in group 2 (4.5±1.3 vs 5.8±1.1 days; p<0.01). Thoracoscopic wedge resections under local anesthesia are safe and offer the benefit of shorter hospital stays. We believe that this thoracoscopic technique will further simplify the surgical treatment of pneumothoraces without incremental risks.


Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
Guidelines
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543