0
Articles |

Continuous positive airway pressure in COPD patients in acute hypercapnic respiratory failure. FREE TO VIEW

A M Miro; U Shivaram; I Hertig
Chest. 1993;103(1):266-268. doi:10.1378/chest.103.1.266
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Abstract

We used mask continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in seven patients with acute hypercapnic respiratory failure in an attempt to avoid endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation. Mask CPAP was started at 5 cm H2O and then increased to a maximum of 10 cm H2O depending on the clinical response. In five patients, CPAP significantly improved gas exchange; four of these patients were weaned to oxygen by face mask without needing intubation. In two patients, gas exchange deteriorated even with CPAP of 10 cm H2O. No barotrauma or adverse hemodynamic effects were associated with CPAP. We conclude that a trial of mask CPAP may be warranted before intubation of an alert, acutely hypercapnic patient with COPD.


This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543