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The duration of action of the combination of fenoterol hydrobromide and ipratropium bromide in protecting against asthma provoked by hyperpnea. FREE TO VIEW

C M Smith; S D Anderson; J P Seale
Chest. 1988;94(4):709-717. doi:10.1378/chest.94.4.709
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Abstract

We compared the duration of the protective effect of two beta-adrenoceptor agonists, fenoterol (200 micrograms) and salbutamol (200 micrograms), the anticholinergic agent ipratropium (80 micrograms), and the combination of fenoterol (200 micrograms) and ipratropium (80 micrograms) against challenge by eucapnic voluntary hyperventilation (EVH). Twelve patients with asthma performed EVH for two or four min at 60 percent maximal voluntary ventilation, 30 min, 2 and 4 h after treatment. All treatments (Rx) produced significant bronchodilation after 30 min. The Rx containing a beta-adrenoceptor agonist maintained this bronchodilation for at least 2 h. While all the Rx with a beta-adrenoceptor agonist significantly reduced the fall in forced expiratory volume in one second after EVH at 30 min, only the combination of fenoterol and ipratropium provided significant protection after 2 h. We advise that the duration of protective effect of beta-adrenoceptor agonists is short and patients with moderate to severe exercise-induced asthma may be better controlled by combination therapy.


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    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543