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Cor Pulmonale Due to Adenoidal or Tonsillar Hypertrophy or Both in Children : Noninvasive Diagnosis and Follow-Up FREE TO VIEW

Shaul Sofer; Elliott Weinhouse; Asher Tal; Kenneth L. Wanderman; Giora Margulis; Alberto Leiberman; Moshe Gueron
Author and Funding Information

From the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Pediatric Pulmonology and Departments of Cardiology and Otolaryngology, Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheba, Israel


1988, by the American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 1988;93(1):119-122. doi:10.1378/chest.93.1.119
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Abstract

Four children, aged 1 to 3½, were first seen with cor pulmonale, pulmonary edema and severe respiratory distress due to chronic upper airway obstruction secondary to adenoidal or tonsillar hypertrophy or both. Arterial blood gas values, electrocardiograms and chest x-ray films were compatible with cor pulmonale. Echocardiography (four cases) and radionuclide angiography (two cases) showed severe right ventricular and right atrial dilatation with reduced right ventricular ejection fraction. Following surgery, all four children improved; their echocardiographic and radionuclide findings returned to normal. Cardiac catheterization, traditionally peformed in such cases, was unnecessary. The diagnosis and follow-up of this syndrome are adequately performed noninvasively.


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