0
Articles |

Acute oxygen in patients with sleep apnea and COPD. FREE TO VIEW

N J Alford; E C Fletcher; D Nickeson
Chest. 1986;89(1):30-38. doi:10.1378/chest.89.1.30
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Abstract

Nocturnal oxygen administered to patients with disordered breathing ameliorates hypoxemia. As a result, an important chemical stimulus to arousal is diminished. This could cause prolongation of disordered breathing events, worsen respiratory acidosis, and induce potentially harmful cardiac arrhythmias. The presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) could further aggravate the situation since such patients may have depressed hypercarbic responses. To test this hypothesis, 20 obese men with sleep apnea and COPD were studied polysomnographically on two nights receiving air on one or oxygen at 4 L/min on the other. Supplemental oxygen increased mean DOB event duration from 25.7 to 31.4 seconds (p less than 0.001), increased end apneic PCO2 from 52.8 to 62.3 mm Hg (p less than 0.025), and decreased mean end apneic pH from 7.34 to 7.28 (p less than 0.001). At the same time, it improved mean sleeping and end-apneic oxygen saturation. The number of ventricular extra-systoles (PVCs) per minute of sleep showed small increases in three subjects while breathing oxygen. Complex ventricular arrhythmias were unaffected by oxygen in five subjects. Oxygen eliminated atrioventricular block in two subjects. We conclude that nocturnal supplemental oxygen does not increase ventricular arrhythmias in the majority of patients with COPD and coexisting disordered breathing events. While the clinical significance of an oxygen associated increase in ventricular extrasystoles in three subjects is unclear, nocturnal monitoring by telemetry or ambulatory recorder should be sufficient to detect such patients.


This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543